Speaking to the media, commerce secretary Anup Wadhawan stated that wonderful progress of Agri exports in FY21 has come after it remained stagnant for the previous three years (USD 38.43 billion in 2017-18, USD 38.74 billion in 2018-19 and USD 35.16 billion 2019-20).
In rupee phrases, the rise is 22.62 per cent with exports throughout 2020-21 amounting to Rs 3.05 lakh crore as in contrast to Rs 2.49 lakh crore throughout 2019-20.
India’s agricultural and allied imports throughout 2019-20 have been USD 20.64 billion, and the corresponding figures for 2020-21 are USD 20.67 billion. Despite COVID-19, the stability of commerce in agriculture has improved by 42.16% from USD 14.51 billion to USD 20.58 billion.
For agriculture merchandise (excluding marine and plantation merchandise), the expansion is 28.36% with exports of USD 29.81 billion in 2020-21 as in contrast to USD 23.23 billion in 2019-20. India has been in a position to make the most of the elevated demand for staples through the COVID-19 interval.
Huge progress has been seen in export of cereals with export of non-basmati rice rising by 136.04% to USD 4794.54 million; wheat by 774.17% to USD 549.16 million; and different cereals (millets, maize and different coarse beneficial properties) by 238.28% to USD 694.14 million.
Other agricultural merchandise, which registered a big improve in exports as in contrast to 2019-20, have been oil meals (USD 1575.34 million -growth of 90.28%), sugar (USD 2789.97 million – progress 41.88%), uncooked cotton (USD 1897.20 million – progress 79.43%), contemporary greens (USD 721.47 million – progress 10.71%) and vegetable oils (USD 602.77 million- progress 254.39%) and so forth.
The largest markets for India’s agriculture merchandise are the USA, China, Bangladesh, UAE, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Nepal, Iran and Malaysia. Exports to most of those locations have registered progress, with the very best progress being recorded for Indonesia (102.42%), Bangladesh (95.93%) and Nepal (50.49%).
Export of spices like ginger, pepper, cinnamon, cardamom, turmeric, saffron and so forth., which have identified therapeutic qualities, has additionally grown considerably. During 2020-21, export of pepper elevated by 28.72% to USD 1269.38 million; cinnamon by 64.47% to USD 11.25 million; nutmeg, mace and cardamom by 132.03% (USD 189.34 million vs USD 81.60 million); and ginger, saffron, turmeric, thyme, bay leaves and so forth. by 35.44% to USD 570.63 million. Export of spices touched the very best ever stage of round USD 4 billion throughout 2020-21.
The natural exports throughout 2020-21 have been USD 1040 million as in opposition to USD 689 million in 2019-20, registering a progress of fifty.94%. Organic exports embody oil cake/meals, oil seeds, cereals and millets, spices and condiments, tea, medicinal plant merchandise, dry fruits, sugar, pulses, espresso and so forth.
Exports have additionally taken place from a number of clusters for the primary time. For occasion, export of contemporary greens and mangoes from Varanasi and black rice from Chandauli has taken place for the primary time, instantly benefitting farmers of the realm. Exports have additionally taken place from different clusters viz. oranges from Nagpur, bananas from Theni and Ananthpur, mangoes from Lucknow and so forth. Despite the pandemic, export of contemporary horticulture produce happened by multimodal mode and consignments have been shipped by air and sea to Dubai, London and different locations from these areas. Handholding by the Department for market linkages, post-harvest worth chain growth and the institutional construction akin to FPOs, enabled North East farmers to ship their value-added merchandise past the Indian borders.
Cereal exports have achieved properly throughout 2020-21. The nation has been in a position to export to a number of international locations for the primary time. For instance rice has been exported to international locations like Timor-Leste, Puerto Rico, Brazil, for the primary time. Similarly wheat has been exported to international locations like Yemen, Indonesia, Bhutan and different cereals have been exported to Sudan, (*41*) Bolivia.